Somehow I managed to find mostly articles with long headlines this week.
Will I need to add a NextBSD tag? Time will tell.
CDBUG is having a presentation on DNS, given by Patrick Muldoon, on Sept. 8th. That’s next Tuesday. If you are anywhere near Albany, go visit.
BSDNow 105 is up, and has all the recent news, plus an interview with Scott Courtney about the in-about-a-month vBSDCon 2015.
BSDTalk 255 is out, and it’s a brief episode – 6 minutes. No interview, but talk about recent events.
HAMMER2 recently gained the ability to be used as the root mount for your DragonFly system. Live deduplication of data is also now possible, which means fast copy operations, less space used, and no need to wait for an overnight batch process to do it. If you want to try it, you need a bleeding edge DragonFly system and the WANT_HAMMER2 option. It’s still not ready for production use, so don’t try it with any data you want to keep.
Historical platforms week, quite by accident.
Your unrelated comics link of the week: Jack Kirby would have been 98 today.
Put together at the last minute.
BSDNow this week is titled “Beverly Hills 25519”, which is a play on an older U.S. TV show if you missed the reference. There’s the normal news, back this week, plus an interview of Damien Miller about OpenSSH.
Francois Tigeot has stepped i915 support in DragonFly even farther, this time bringing it to match Linux 3.17. This may be most useful for those with Broadwell and Cherryview chipsets.
I’ve gradually been leaning towards two opinions:
1: Having the Digest load as fast as possible is a benefit for everyone, and
2: I want to get off the PHP/Wordpress vulnerability merry-go-round.
Does anyone have specific experience with static site generators? Ideally there’s something out there as polished/unfiddly as WordPress, but I don’t know what. The Digest started using the Movable Type product, and I’m tempted to return.
Update: People have been recommending Hugo, Pelican, and Jekyll. It looks like comments would end up going into Disqus, which is an external not-under-my-control application. There are other plugins for comments, but none of them as straightforward. What are people’s thoughts on using an outside service?
I don’t note it enough, but Tomohiro Kusumi has been making constant updates to HAMMER, the version we have now. Often they are the sort of update that makes the code more readable, or fixes possible problems, and so on. Very essential, but hard to post about it. In any case, I’m using his recent improvements to hammer volume-del to note his contributions, of which there are much more than the day’s worth I link here.
Francois Tigeot has pushed in some significant updates from Rimvydas Jasinskas, updating the radeon driver to match Linux 3.17. Try it if you have the corresponding hardware.
If you are near thoughtbot at 7 PM tonight in New York City, “The search for truth: the `true` and `false` programs” is happening there. It’s a code reading group, so there will be comparisons of each program and its history in the various BSDs and other less important operating systems. This sounds neat, plus food and drinks will be served. (via)
This is the week for entertainment, not deep thought.
Some catchup here from stuff I missed last week:
I was on the road last week and didn’t post a link to the BSDNow episode “May Contain ZFS“. It has an interview with Peter Toth about iocage, among other things. This week’s episode is the spectacularly-named “Ubuntu Slaughters Kittens“, with an interview of Bryan Cantrill from Joyent, so there’s conversation about pkgsrc and various Sun-based things.
Why buy ECC RAM? This is a discussion I’ve seen many times. I’ve always heard that without the error checking, you can’t tell if a random bit was flipped by a cosmic particle. That seems like a very remote threat. Over the last week, I went to Science North in Sudbury, Canada, and saw the Diffusion Cloud Chamber. I took a photo myself. Both of those picture represent an instant in time, and each of those squiggles in the chamber in that instant represents some particle zipping through space that miiiiiight scramble your RAM. That’s… a lot more common than I thought.
Matthew Dillon posted an extended description of how to run Firefox in a way that completely locks it away from your user account. As a side effect of this, the current crop of dports binaries has been updated.
My links are haphazard – but that shouldn’t get in the way of reading.
Your unrelated comics link of the week: Bird and Moon.
A short week, cause I’m short on time. Sorry!
Did you know that AT&T maintains a
regex library and test suite? I did not, but now DragonFly has both, in part for better multibyte character support.
(corrected to note that the regex library is not from AT&T – thanks, anonymous commenter)
Most of the news is about Intel video support, but Radeon direct rending improvements are coming too. ‘zrj’ have brought up drm/radeon support to match what is in Linux 3.12. Worth trying if you’ve had problems with your Radeon and audio, going by what I’ve seen people report in IRC.
The vi in any BSD is not the original Berkeley vi – instead it’s usually nvi. However, thanks to John Marino, DragonFly has the up-to-date, multibyte-supporting nvi2. (I know I’ve made reference to the nv/nvi difference before.)
If your DragonFly-running c720p (the touchscreen model) occasionally decides to go perma-bonkers, Matthew Dillon has added a method to reset it, either on reboot or by setting debug.atmel_mxt_reset=1.
Sepherosa Ziehau posted some information on a project for anyone interested: ACPI Collaborative Processor Performance Control. It’s an extension of p-state power management, and he’s already done a lot of groundwork to support that in DragonFly.
CDBUG is meeting today, at 6:45 PM at INOC, 80 State St., Albany. The speaker will be Jonathan Capra talking about DNS solutions other than BIND.
There’s been a bugfix-release to the release version of DragonFly, bringing it to 4.2.4. This is to fix a rare crash on issuing ‘shutdown -h now’. If you haven’t had this problem, there’s no rush to upgrade.
There’s some meaty reading this week, so get settled in and start clicking.
- Haunted Machines An Origin Story. I love this sort of intersection of ideas. (via)
- Our Friends, the Bots. (via previous)
- Futures of Text. Why wasn’t this ever done at the command line, too? (via previous)
- Cybernetic Serendipity.
- The Verge’s Web Sucks. A followup to “The Mobile Web Sucks” that I linked to previously.
- How Does Level Generation Work In Brogue? The animated gifs work very well here.
- Surfing the Internet from My TRS-80 Model 100. (via)
- The Itanium processor, parts 2, 3, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. Here’s part 1 if you missed it last week. Windows-centric, but probably still interesting for the hardware.
- Ever wonder why they used “that key”? (via EFNet #dragonflybsd)
- Pronunciation guide for UNIX. (via)
- Forgotten Quests from the golden age of adventure games.
Your unrelated comics link of the week: Cartozia Tales. It’s a comics series where different comics artists start a story, then hands the story off to a different writer and artist for each issue after that. I’ve been getting individual issues as they make them, and I want more people to subscribe, so they can get enough cash to print the last few issues. (Independent comics is a hard business.) Order the complete series, for yourself or as a unique present for a smaller person.
I missed this because it was only on the completely separate and rarely updated “News” section of the BSDNow site, but: they are selling a BSD shirt, for hitting the second year of production. It is only available this month. Proceeds go towards new equipment. (noticed via)
(There’s no DragonFly on their shirt… will they make a “The Unusual BSDs” shirt and put DragonFly on there?)
The 101st BSDNow episode has the normal arrangement of news, plus an interview with Adrian Chadd after he made a decision he will regret forever.
Francois Tigeot has updated i915 support to match what’s functionally in Linux 3.16. Accelerated video on Broadwell chipsets is now fully supported, plus a bunch of other changes mentioned in his commit message.
If you are around New York City tonight at 6:45, make your way over to the Stone Creek Bar & Lounge, at 140 E 27th St., to hear Brian Callahan present the newest OpenBSD things.
If you are running DragonFly-master, there have been fixes for a wrong uname (my fault) and initrd image booting with encrypted drives. Update if you are running on the bleeding edge, if you haven’t already.
If you are sure you don’t need to look at your boot menu for very long in DragonFly, you can make it zip by quickly.
I managed to be on the road and so did not post about the milestone 100th episode of BSDNow, which has an interview with Sebastian Wiedenroth about both pkg and pkgSrcCon, along with all their other news.
I’m glad to see 100 episodes together of a video podcast for BSD; if you had asked me a few years ago if that was possible, I’d have dismissed the idea. Not for lack of news, obviously, but because I didn’t think anyone would have that level of dedication. Investing time and care is what sets people apart, and they’ve done it.
Be ready for the latent craziness in some of the links for this Lazy Reading episode.
Your off-topic movie link of the week: The Fabulous World of Jules Verne. (via an internet cult.) Originally titled Invention For Destruction and released by a Czech director, then subtitled to English. Looks like a strange mix of steampunk content and Monty Python-style animation. That may seem only mildly interesting until you notice it was filmed in 1958.
It’s an unexpectedly diverse list this week.
If your DragonFly machine can do it, it will now run an accelerated console by default.
A DragonFly machine with a lot of network traffic will have a significant amount of memory consumed by all the running network connections. (as with any system) It’s now possible to adjust the amount of memory set aside for those operations, live. This sort of fine-tuning will only matter if you run an extremely busy machine, but it’s worth it if you do.
John Marino has been updating locale support in DragonFly. There’s no single explanatory commit to point at, so I’ll instead link to the many, many commits and changes he’s been making to show the size of the work. If you are anywhere other than UTF-8 (or maybe even then), this will help you.
Francois Tigeot has a new i915 video branch for testing, if you are running DragonFly-current. It will be especially useful for people on a Broadwell chipset.
I’m globbing these DragonFly updates together in a single post because I’m running behind:
ACPICA was updated to Intel’s newest version: 20150717.
GCC in DragonFly was updated to the 5.2 release.
DragonFly DRM (that’s Direct Rendering) now supports ValleyView chipsets.
hostapd, for creating a wireless access point, has been included in DragonFly along with wpa_supplicant, for a long time. Like wpa_supplicant, there’s a version in dports that is the latest version and is easier to update (e.g. no system update required to get a newer version.) Unlike wpa_supplicant, there’s no chicken-and-egg installation problem if it’s not in the base system – so out it goes.
If you’ve previously tried to install DragonFly using a USB thumb drive, and it would somehow not be found to boot from, there’s a potential fix.
DragonFly ships with wpa_supplicant, for setting up WiFi. However, there’s no guarantee it’s the latest version. A solution exists: security/wpa_supplicant in dports. However, this has a chicken-and-egg problem, where you need wpa_supplicant to get online and download the dports version of wpa_supplicant. So, DragonFly still includes wpa_supplicant in the base system, but you should upgrade to the dports version when possible.
DragonFly now has the same math library (libm) as OpenBSD, replacing an earlier combined version of I think what NetBSD and FreeBSD ran. This doesn’t necessarily directly affect you, but it’s work worth doing; matching the underlying frameworks between BSDs helps everyone.
Short list this week – no particular reason.
A lot of variety this week.
- tame(2) WIP, process sandboxing for OpenBSD.
- pbi vs pkg
- Is there a BSD that fits my needs?
- Which BSD is right for me?
- Hyperthreading + SMP + Intel graphics on OpenBSD
- EuroBSDCon 2015 Registration Is Open
- DiscoverBSD for 2015/07/20.
- Brute-force OpenSSH attacks. The default config is not vulnerable to this on DragonFly. FreeBSD’s config with PAM may be the only one. (via)
- Domesticating applications, OpenBSD style. (via)
- c2k15 reports on Undeadly: one, two, three, four.
- Here is a non-BSD containers explanation, and then here’s Docker on FreeBSD.
- Michael W. Lucas is giving a talk on August 20th at the Livingston County BSD User’s Group meeting. (That’s in Michigan, not the NY county where I work, darnit.)
- FreeBSD now has a Code of Conduct.
- Backgammon bug from at least 4.1a BSD, 3+ decades ago.
- Tag jumping in mandoc. (I like this idea)
- OpenBSD on Linode. Similar techniques might work for any BSD install. (via, via)
The 99th episode of BSDNow is about Gnome on FreeBSD, with interviews of Baptiste Daroussin and Ryan Lortie, plus more news that I was already planning to link to.
Sepherosa Ziehau has been doing a lot of work with various processors states to save power on DragonFly. He’s published a summary of how well the various P-state/C-state/mwait settings work. He found that setting a lower C-state can perversely improve performance.
For those saying “but how do I set these lower power states?”:
sysctl machdep.mwait.CX.idle: AUTODEEP
sysctl machdep.cpu_idle_hlt: 1 (or higher)
Do you have a ValleyView GPU? It now works much better in DragonFly, and there’s a new accelerated rendering branch to try out, too, if you follow that link.
Hey, my stickers arrived! You can order your own.
No theme, though I’ve been thinking about IPv6 lately. Mostly in a “oh man all that PLC equipment at work can barely do IPv4 this won’t be easy” sort of way.
Your unrelated comics link of the week: The Dr. Fun comic archives.
I seem to have In Other BSDs exactly 1 day off from the OPNsense release schedule, so far.
Michael W. Lucas is having an “open dinner” tomorrow, in Scottsdale, AZ. That means you get to talk about his tech books and BSD and conventions and whatever else enters collectively enters everyone’s heads, I assume, over dinner. (you buy your own food; the talking’s free) It sounds like a potential little mini-convention; you should go.
BSDNow 098 is up with the normal collection of news and links, plus an interview with David Meyer of Xinous – which I infer is using FreeBSD to underpin their main project. I always find the decision/planning around major commercial open source interesting, cause the open source aspect changes the game, so to speak.
I don’t have actual numbers, but I do have a note: DragonFly network performance is pretty darn good.
There was a newer release of OpenSSL (1.0.1p) last week, so there’s a new revision of the DragonFly release – 4.2.3. There’s little major change other than the security fix for OpenSSL.
Those readers who can count past 2 may notice that there wasn’t a 4.2.2. We went straight from 4.2.1 to 4.2.3. That’s my fault. I screwed up tagging and Git doesn’t like repeated, deleted tags.
I don’t know enough about Erlang and LFE to say much other than “Hey, look at this article about installing LFE on DragonFly!” (via)
This is Thoughtful Consideration week.
This is a week for unexpected BSD news – OpenBSD and Microsoft, a new 4.4BSD variant, and so on.
- Running a Plan 9 network on OpenBSD. (via)
- FreeNAS 10: Early M2 Preview.
- More BSDCan trip reports, from Warren Block, Christian Brueffer, Kamil Czekirda, and Shonali Balakrishna.
- DiscoverBSD for 2015/07/06.
- Microsoft Now OpenBSD Foundation Gold Contributor. Probably related to OpenSSH-in-Powershell.
- Also, SunSSH replaced by OpenSSH.
- OPNSense 15.7.1 out. 15.7 is apparently a release branch, so this is what you follow.
- pkgsrcCon 2015: A year of pkgsrc 2014 – 2015. All the presentations are online, in fact. (via)
- EuroBSDCon 2015 Preliminary Program Published.
- A new (to me) BSD: “LiteBSD is a variant of 4.4BSD operating system adapted for microcontrollers.” It’s BSD on some super–teeny hardware. I don’t know what I’d do with it, but I’d love to get something like that working.
- OpenBSD and Valgrind, instructions.
- If you’ve got Bitcoin and an urge to donate to OpenBSD, pace yourself.
- July 20th, Calgary: OpenBSD hackathon/discussion.
- pkgsrc 2015Q2 released.
- Moving pkgsrc-wip away from Sourceforge. Turns into a long argument about CVS.
- Yay cross-pollination! (and thanks to Sascha Wildner for turning up WARNS levels and fixing things, for years.)
- FreeBSD ports is now also using a quarterly model.
- FreeBSD now has the CloudABI model, sorta like Capsicum.
- FreeBSD Vagrant images can now be automatically uploaded to Google Compute Engine, VMware, and (new to me) Hashicorp Atlas.
- Fractal cells, a new BSD-based quick startup platform. Launching at end of month. (via)
Here’s how you test the console frame buffer on DragonFly, even though X is the way to go.
BSDNow 097 has even more links in the never-ending tide of BSDCan presentation videos, more news, and an interview with Lee Sharp, of SmallWall; apparently a continuation of the original software network (and BSD) product, m0n0wall.
There’s yet another security problem with OpenSSL, and it’s been updated in DragonFly. I’ll probably roll 4.2.2 this weekend so that it’s in the release image.
Some time ago, I acquired a Chromebook with the help of all you kind readers. Here’s a mini-report on how DragonFly works as a desktop.
The hardware: what I have is an Acer c720 Chromebook. The C720p is the touchscreen model, and is equally well-supported by DragonFly. A larger-capacity M.2 SSD (which is relatively easy to install) is the only real need, as the installed one is only 16G. It’s easy enough to see what the laptops look like; it’s nothing fancy but it’s suitably light.
The software: There’s a wide-ranging and complete install/tweak guide for the c720 and c720p on the DragonFly site. Note that it goes down to the point of even changing the keymap for the special keys on the keyboard.
Things I don’t like:
- The mousepad needs a physical click, not a tap, which decreases accuracy.
- There’s only 2G of RAM, and not expandable. You will notice this if you tend to open a lot of tabs when web browsing.
- I’ve had mousepad trouble, but I’m the only one reporting it, so I think it’s just bad hardware luck on my part.
Things I do like:
- pkg is a godsend, making installation and upgrades almost effortless. I’ve gone binary-only so far.
- Many things Just Work – for example, the xfce4 battery plugin.
- xscreensaver works great; even the 3D modules. I don’t know why it entertains me so.
- I haven’t run the battery out to make sure, but it looks like it would last a few hours. Suspend/hibernate are not supported, but low power modes are.
- There’s a lot of multi-touch shortcuts built into the touchpad.
It’s an excellent BSD laptop, for light use, at low cost. The next step up would be into Thinkpad territory, which raises the cost or increases the age – and may not be as consistently supported.
Something I’ve wanted for a long time: DragonFly stickers. Or ‘decals’, if you want to sound fancier. Markus Pfeiffer has them set up on Stickermule.
I just created an account there, and apparently I can supply a referral link which gets you and me both a $10 credit, if you use that. It’ll make you sign up, then you’ll probably have to go back in with the direct link for the DragonFly sticker.
I don’t know why I’ve been finding so many roguelike links lately, but it’s to our benefit.
Insert fireworks graphic here.
BSDNow 096 has the usual new links, even more BSDCan 2015 video links, and an interview with Jun Ebihara about some of NetBSD’s lesser-known architectures.
(I like trying to guess the interview subject from each week’s obscure title; I was going to guess RetroBSD… which would make a good topic to explore.)
There’s a minor update for DragonFly 4.2 – this covers a problem with i915 support, so it’s worth upgrading if you have an Intel video chipset.
NYCBUG is having a chronologically appropriate speaker: Steven Kreuzer, talking about the Precision Time Protocol. It’s 6:45 PM (EDT) tonight, at the Stone Creek Bar & Lounge in New York City.
I’ll quote right from the summary for the 14-minute-long BSDTalk 254: “An interview with Ken Worster who is presenting on topics which include PFSense and FreeNAS in schools at the Technology Teacher ME conference in Bethel Maine.”
DragonFly 4.2 is officially released! You can go to the 4.2 release page for details, go to the mirrors page to download, or read my users@ post for upgrade steps.
Update: news stories and commentary seen on lobste.rs, Hacker News, and linux.fr.
I came up with a whole bunch of links at the last minute despite traveling and being sick. I’m dedicated to your idle reading!
Your off-topic link of the week: you have about a week to pay $35 to not die when the Earth is destroyed on July 5th. It’s the 18th time the world has almost ended, so it has to work out one of these times.
More and more BSDCan videos keep showing up. (See the bottoms of individual speaker pages on the BSDCan site.) Here’s the PC-BSD summary.
BSDNow 95 has an interview with Sean Chittenden of FreeBSD/Groupon, along with the usual roundup of BSD news – and more links to various BSDCan presentations.
If you wanted to try IPFW3 and NAT, nans_nans1 has done the experimentation for you, and wrote down the steps.
Sascha Wildner has been removing the no-longer-needed bits of i386 support in DragonFly. One of the things going away is APM, the 32-bit power management superseded by acpiconf. If you still type ‘apm’ out of habit, it’s aliased so you won’t be surprised.